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DBMS > Adabas vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graph Engine vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graph Engine vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.85
Rank#186  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.graphengine.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperSoftware AGGoogleMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1971201520102016
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation language.NET and CGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hosted.NETLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynonoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnoyesno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google Cloud BigtableGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google Cloud BigtableGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityTiDB
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