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DBMS > Adabas vs. Firebird vs. Realm vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Firebird vs. Realm vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score22.09
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score1.78
Rank#119  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.firebirdsql.orgrealm.iowww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsrealm.io/­docsdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperSoftware AGFirebird FoundationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019VoltDB Inc.
Initial release19712000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20142010
Current release3.0.4, October 20189.0, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java, C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesnoyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalPSQLno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryJava
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornone infoavailable via 3rd party productsnoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Users with fine-grained authorization conceptyesUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"FirebirdRealmVoltDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"FirebirdRealmVoltDB
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