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DBMS > Adabas vs. Firebird vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Firebird vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.46
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score25.10
Rank#31  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score9.58
Rank#47  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.firebirdsql.orgrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGFirebird FoundationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release19712000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2014
Current release4.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalPSQLno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornone infoavailable via 3rd party productsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writers
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Users with fine-grained authorization conceptyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"FirebirdRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"FirebirdRealm
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