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DBMS > Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#68  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score9.45
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release19712008201619892010
Current release7.2.4, September 2012SQL Server 2019, November 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C++
Java
PHP
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Pluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DrizzleMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DrizzleMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
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