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DBMS > Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#68  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#243  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#115  Relational DBMS
Score9.45
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgrakn.aiazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGrakn Labs LtdMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712008201620161989
Current release7.2.4, September 20121.6.2, January 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C++
Java
PHP
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnonoTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding infoby using CassandraSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoby using Cassandrayesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Pluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DrizzleGRAKN.AIMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DrizzleGRAKN.AIMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL Server
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