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DBMS > Adabas vs. Derby vs. mSQL vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Derby vs. mSQL vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.mSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.77
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#130  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score7.91
Rank#56  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldb.apache.org/­derbyhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software FoundationHughes TechnologiesSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release1971199719942001
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20204.4, October 20213.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaC
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJava Stored Proceduresnono
Triggersnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBmSQL infoMini SQLSphinx
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