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DBMS > Adabas vs. Derby vs. Lovefield vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Derby vs. Lovefield vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.77
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.90
Rank#78  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score0.20
Rank#290  Overall
#136  Relational DBMS
Score1.58
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldb.apache.org/­derbygoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software FoundationGoogleVoltDB Inc.
Initial release1971199720142010
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20202.1.12, February 201711.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptJava, C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCJava API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaJavaScriptC#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJava Stored ProceduresnoJava
TriggersnoyesUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBLovefieldVoltDB
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