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DBMS > Adabas vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#83  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.92
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.datomic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperSoftware AGCognitectMicrosoft
Initial release197120121989
Current release1.0.6362, January 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ClojureC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesNaturalClojure
Java
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyes infoTransaction FunctionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peerstables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DatomicMicrosoft SQL Server
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