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DBMS > Adabas vs. Datomic vs. Google Cloud Datastore

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Datomic vs. Google Cloud Datastore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platform
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.12
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score4.89
Rank#64  Overall
#11  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.datomic.comcloud.google.com/­datastore
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGCognitectGoogle
Initial release197120122008
Current release0.9.5951, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, Clojure
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, details here
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query language (GQL)
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalClojure
Java
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyes infoTransaction Functionsusing Google App Engine
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsCallbacks using the Google Apps Engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-Master replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor paths
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DatomicGoogle Cloud Datastore
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