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DBMS > Adabas vs. Couchbase vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Couchbase vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score27.68
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score30.71
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.couchbase.comwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712011201020162005
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20193.1.4, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang.NET and CC++C
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Windows
.NEThosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGIS
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGIS
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