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DBMS > Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score18.13
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1093.75
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release1971200519892010
Current release2.3.1, March 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
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Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
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Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
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Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerStardog
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