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DBMS > Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.65
Rank#73  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score16.68
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score30.40
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1059.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release1971200520141989
Current release3.0, February 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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