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DBMS > Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. CouchDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSMicrosofts relational DBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.65
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score16.07
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.05
Rank#314  Overall
#30  Graph DBMS
Score1067.31
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.58
Rank#73  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­hugegraphwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerBaiduMicrosoftSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release19712005201819891994
Current release3.0, February 20200.9SQL Server 2019, November 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Unix
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynonoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Groovy
Java
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalView functions in JavaScriptasynchronous Gremlin script jobsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesvia hugegraph-sparknoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoedges in graphyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HugeGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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