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DBMS > Adabas vs. CockroachDB vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OmniSci

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. CockroachDB vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OmniSci

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA high performance, in-memory, column-oriented RDBMS, designed to run on GPUs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.45
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score6.63
Rank#60  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#255  Overall
#120  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.23
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.cockroachlabs.comgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.omnisci.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.omnisci.com
DeveloperSoftware AGCockroach LabsGoogleMicrosoftMapD Technologies, Inc.
Initial release19712015201420162016
Current release21.1.2, June 20212.1.12, February 20175.6, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageGoJavaScriptC++C++ and CUDA
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
macOS
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafarihostedLinux
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaScriptC#
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnonoTransact SQLno
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoRound robin
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication using RAFTnoneyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infousing MemoryDByes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Role-based access controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CockroachDBLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 6.5K+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CockroachDBLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOmniSci infoFormerly named 'MapD', rebranded to 'OmniSci' in September 2018
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