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DBMS > Adabas vs. Cloudant vs. DolphinDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Cloudant vs. DolphinDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonDolphinDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBTime Series DBMS for big data, integrated with a lightweight distributed computing framework and a vector programming languageMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.51
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.44
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score0.32
Rank#241  Overall
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score125.14
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score31.63
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcloudant.comwww.dolphindb.comproducts.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comwww.dolphindb.com/­helpmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspxdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperSoftware AGIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014DolphinDB, IncMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712010201819922014
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree community version availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinux
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query languageyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersnoyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardinghorizontal partitioningnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleyesACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAdministrators, Users, Groupsno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CloudantDolphinDBMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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