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DBMS > Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score123.22
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcassandra.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release197120081989
Current release3.11.4, February 2019SQL Server 2017, October 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infono "single point of failure"tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraMicrosoft SQL Server
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