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DBMS > Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Grakn

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Grakn

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.78
Rank#74  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.76
Rank#187  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcassandra.apache.orggrakn.ai
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdev.grakn.ai/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGrakn Labs
Initial release197120082016
Current release3.11.6, February 20201.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnono
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per objectyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraGrakn
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraGrakn
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