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DBMS > Adabas vs. Axibase vs. Grakn vs. MarkLogic vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Axibase vs. Grakn vs. MarkLogic vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAxibase  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformScalable TimeSeries DBMS based on HBase with integrated rule engine and visualizationGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.28
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#253  Overall
#18  Time Series DBMS
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score11.26
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score4.52
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaxibase.com/­products/­axibase-time-series-databasegrakn.aiwww.marklogic.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­axibase/­atsddev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.marklogic.comorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperSoftware AGAxibase CorporationGrakn LabsMarkLogic Corp.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release19712013201620012010
Current release155851.6.2, January 20209.0, 20173.0.30, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoCommunity Edition (single node) is free, Enterprise Edition (distributed) is paidOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoshort, integer, long, float, double, decimal, stringyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like query languagenoyes infoSQL92SQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
Proprietary protocol (Network API)
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalGo
Java
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyesnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJava, Javascript
TriggersnoyesnoyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infoby using CassandrayesMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AxibaseGraknMarkLogicOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
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