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DBMS > Adabas vs. Axibase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Axibase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAxibase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformScalable TimeSeries DBMS based on HBase with integrated rule engine and visualizationGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSTime Series DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#245  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score2.11
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score31.43
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.57
Rank#76  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaxibase.com/­products/­axibase-time-series-databasecloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­axibase/­atsdcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAxibase CorporationGoogleMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release19712013201520142009
Current release155852.3.6, July 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoCommunity Edition (single node) is free, Enterprise Edition (distributed) is paidcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoshort, integer, long, float, double, decimal, stringnoyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
Proprietary protocol (Network API)
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesNaturalGo
Java
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesnoJavaScript
TriggersnoyesnoJavaScriptClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic single-row operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelyes infousers and table-level permissions

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Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AxibaseGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRethinkDB
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