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DBMS > Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. Couchbase vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA multi-model DBMSJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.87
Rank#64  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score8.27
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.arangodb.comwww.couchbase.comrealm.io
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationdocs.couchbase.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHCouchbase, Inc.Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1971201220112014
Current release3.5.3, November 2019Server: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis: Built and supported by the creators of ArangoDB, Oasis provides fully hosted, managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
HTTP API
JSON style queries
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDSingle-document ACID transactionsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealm
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
News

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

How we built our managed service on Kubernetes
25 October 2019

ArangoDB Hot Backup – Creating consistent cluster-wide snapshots
9 October 2019

ArangoML Pipeline – A Common Metadata Layer for Machine Learning Pipelines
25 September 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseRealm
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