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DBMS > Adabas vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.89
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.89
Rank#105  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score0.23
Rank#286  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score21.33
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmljena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release1971200020142016
Current release4.5.0, May 20222.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safarihosted
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF Schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Fuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaJavaScriptC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesnoTransact SQL
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornonenoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access control via Jena Securitynoyes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache Jena - TDBLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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