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DBMS > Adabas vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Apache Jena - TDB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRDF storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#102  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score30.71
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmljena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712000201020162005
Current release4.1.0, May 20213.1.4, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++C
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VM.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF Schemasyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynonoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Fuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesyesTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlernonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonehorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornoneyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoTDB TransactionsnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access control via Jena Securityyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache Jena - TDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGIS
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