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DBMS > Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldruid.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoft
Initial release197120122014
Current release0.21.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL for queryingSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesNaturalClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoJavaScript
TriggersnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)RBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache DruidMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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