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DBMS > Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Impala vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Impala vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataAnalytic DBMS for HadoopTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.61
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score18.71
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldruid.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation and contributorsClouderaPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release1971201220132016
Current release0.21.0, April 20213.4.0, April 20205.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Unix
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL for queryingSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesNaturalClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesselectable replication factorUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)RBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache DruidImpalaTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache DruidImpalaTiDB
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