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DBMS > Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.89
Rank#73  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score0.74
Rank#205  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score14.86
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldruid.apache.orgwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGApache Software Foundation and contributorsMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release1971201220102016
Current release0.21.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Unix
.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL for queryingnoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoyesTransact SQL
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedhorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)RBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemyes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache DruidGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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