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DBMS > Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAnzoGraph DB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformScalable graph database built for online analytics and data harmonization with MPP scaling, high-performance analytical algorithms and reasoning, and virtualizationElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.45
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#266  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#12  RDF stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzographazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzograph/­userdoc/­home.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGCambridge SemanticsMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release1971201820162014
Current release2.3, January 20213.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree trial version availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesSchema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL and SPARQL* as primary query language. Cypher preview.yesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Apache Mule
gRPC
JDBC
Kafka
OData access for BI tools
OpenCypher
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC++
Java
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions and aggregatesTransact SQLno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaAutomatic shardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication in MPP-Clusteryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoKerberos/HDFS data loadingno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in MPP-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infonot needed in graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users and rolesyesno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AnzoGraph DBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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