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DBMS > Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAnzoGraph DB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformScalable graph database built for online analytics and data harmonization with MPP scaling, high-performance analytical algorithms and reasoning, and virtualizationA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.32
Rank#267  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#12  RDF stores
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzographwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzograph/­userdoc/­home.htmwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperSoftware AGCambridge SemanticsMicrosoftMicrosoftOracle
Initial release19712018201020161980
Current release2.3, January 202119c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree trial version availableOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++C and C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux.NEThostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesSchema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL and SPARQL* as primary query language. Cypher preview.noyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Apache Mule
gRPC
JDBC
Kafka
OData access for BI tools
OpenCypher
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesNaturalC++
Java
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions and aggregatesyesTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaAutomatic shardinghorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication in MPP-ClusteryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoKerberos/HDFS data loadingnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in MPP-ClusterImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infonot needed in graphsnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users and rolesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AnzoGraph DBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle
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