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DBMS > Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Citus vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AnzoGraph DB vs. Citus vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAnzoGraph DB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformScalable graph database built for online analytics and data harmonization with MPP scaling, high-performance analytical algorithms and reasoning, and virtualizationScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.32
Rank#267  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#12  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#141  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzographwww.citusdata.comwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzograph/­userdoc/­home.htmdocs.citusdata.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGCambridge SemanticsMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712018201020102016
Current release2.3, January 20218.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree trial version availableOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxLinux.NEThosted
Data schemeyesSchema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySPARQL and SPARQL* as primary query language. Cypher preview.yes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Apache Mule
gRPC
JDBC
Kafka
OData access for BI tools
OpenCypher
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC++
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions and aggregatesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaAutomatic shardingShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-source replication in MPP-ClusterSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoKerberos/HDFS data loadingnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in MPP-ClusterImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infonot needed in graphsyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AnzoGraph DBCitusGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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