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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. Couchbase vs. STSdb vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. Couchbase vs. STSdb vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon SimpleDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformHosted simple database service by Amazon, with the data stored in the Amazon Cloud. infoThere is an unrelated product called SimpleDB developed by Edward ScioreJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSKey-value storeDocument storeKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.58
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.21
Rank#113  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Score31.00
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.18
Rank#284  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score2.88
Rank#99  Overall
#19  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#50  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#2  Spatial DBMS
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­simpledbwww.couchbase.comgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4virtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­simpledbdocs.couchbase.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonCouchbase, Inc.STS Soft SCOpenLink Software
Initial release19712007201120111998
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.0.8, September 201508.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC#C
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
WindowsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll columns are indexed automaticallyyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs.NET Client APIADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
C
C++
Erlang
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
Java
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanone infoSharding must be implemented in the applicationShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
noneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationnoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon SimpleDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseSTSdbVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon SimpleDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseSTSdbVirtuoso
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