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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. LeanXcale vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#132  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.leanxcale.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)LeanXcaleMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19712012201520162014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infothrough Apache DerbyyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
Java
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftLeanXcaleMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftLeanXcaleMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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