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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWell established RDBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Actian CorporationMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release197120121974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20162014
Current release11.0, April 20173.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCCC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonyesTransact SQLno
Triggersnonoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesIngres Replicatoryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftIngresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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