DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)GoogleMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19712012201720162014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonnoTransact SQLno
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Astadia Poised for Record Growth as Positive Momentum Continues for the Mainframe to Cloud Sector
12 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

The Future of Mainframe Modernization: Where Are We Headed?
19 January 2022, Toolbox

Software AG says it has turned the corner in shift to a subscription business
21 July 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Astadia Migration Factory to Reduce the Duration of Mainframe to AWS Migrations by up to 90%
30 November 2021, Business Wire

Silver Lake Invests $388 Million in Germany's Software AG
14 December 2021, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

DataSecOps Pioneer Satori Sees Six-Fold Increase in Users, Twenty-Five-Fold Increase in Queries, Joins AWS Partner Network
18 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

Protegrity Partners With Google Cloud to Support BigQuery Remote Functions
19 January 2022, Valdosta Daily Times

Confluent Launches New Connectors and On-Demand Scaling to Break Down Data Silos and Meet the Unpredictable Needs of Modern Business
19 January 2022, Business Wire

AWS Introduces Amazon Redshift Serverless
1 December 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Spanner Dialect for SQLAlchemy is Generally Available
15 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Gives Spanner a PostgreSQL Interface
12 October 2021, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Database in the cloud: All about Google Cloud Spanner
29 October 2021, TechGenix

Google Cloud Digital Leader exam guide has been updated from January 26, 2022
6 January 2022, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

PINC AI™ Launches INsights, an Enhanced Technology Offering for Customized, On-Demand Healthcare Analytics
18 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

Confluent Launches New Connectors and On-Demand Scaling to Break Down Data Silos and Meet the Unpredictable Needs of Modern Business
19 January 2022, Business Wire

PINC AI Launches INsights, an Enhanced Technology Offering for Customized, On-Demand Healthcare Analytics
19 January 2022, AiThority

Top 5 elements needed for a successful data warehouse
30 December 2021, TechTarget

At Ignite, Microsoft enhances its cloud database, warehouse and lake services
2 November 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

spark sql vs spark dataframe performance
8 April 2021, Newstime Africa

pyspark create dataframe from another dataframe
8 April 2021, Newstime Africa

Using Python for data engineering
14 January 2022, Technology Decisions

Top 10 Big Data Analytics Courses to Elevate Your Career in 2022
12 January 2022, Analytics Insight

Spark Gets Closer Hooks to Pandas, SQL with Version 3.2
26 October 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Adabas DBA with Knowledge of Database Systems and Software AG Products
Treehouse Software, Inc., Remote

Adabas Database Administrator
DMI, Remote

ADABAS Database Architect
Dutech, Austin, TX

ADABAS Database Administrator
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift Query Processing, Query Processing
Amazon.com Services LLC, Boston, MA

Applied Scientist - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., East Palo Alto, CA

Database Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Performance Engineer - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Boston, MA

Sr. Software Development Engineer - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Redmond, WA

Staff Software Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Software Engineer III, Google Play
Google, Atlanta, GA

Google Cloud Spanner Database SME
NR Consulting LLC, Parsippany, NJ

Software Engineer, Machine Learning
Able, California

Google Cloud Architect (Remote)/Google Cloud Engineer
CitiusTech, Remote

C# Developer
Sourcetable, San Francisco, CA

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

Support Engineer - Azure Synapse
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

-EDW/Azure SME-Remote/Long Term Contract
CruiTek, Remote

Azure Developer
Deloitte, Cincinnati, OH

Data Scientist
Mantek Solutions, United States

Healthcare Data Analyst - MedInsight
Milliman, Brookfield, WI

Data Scientist
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

MS SQL Database Administrator/Developer
Sundt Construction, Inc., Tempe, AZ

Entry Level to Senior Level Software Developers
Lorven Group, Pineville, NC

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here