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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Ehcache vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Ehcache vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score23.86
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score7.00
Rank#57  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.ehcache.orgwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.ehcache.org/­documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Terracotta Inc, owned by Software AGMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712012200920102016
Current release3.8.1, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAll OS with a Java VM.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
JCacheRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonnoyesTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyes infoCache Event Listenersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding infoby using Terracotta Serverhorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesyes infoby using Terracotta Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourcenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftEhcacheGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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