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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. EJDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. EJDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsEmbeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#286  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftejdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftgithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)SoftmotionsMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19712012201220162014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCCC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedserver-lesshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictednoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared libraryADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCActionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonnoTransact SQLno
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesnoneyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possibleno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoRead/Write Lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyesno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftEJDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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