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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#68  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score9.45
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Drizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19712012200820161989
Current release7.2.4, September 2012SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C++C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Java
PHP
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin PythonnoTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnonono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftDrizzleMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL Server
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