DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Neo4j vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Neo4j vs. RethinkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityOpen source graph databaseDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.58
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score22.16
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score2.22
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score52.32
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.66
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comneo4j.comrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comneo4j.com/­docsrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectNeo4j, Inc.The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release19712012201220072009
Current release0.9.5951, July 20194.2.3, January 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnonono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
TriggersnonoBy using transaction functionsyes infovia event handlerClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftDatomicNeo4jRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Top 10 Use Cases: Data Lineage
8 March 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Semantic similarity metrics, Virtuoso SPARQL integration, Deep Graph Library
6 March 2021

#GraphCast: Introduction to Graph Theory: What Is a Graph?
5 March 2021

New Certification Exam Available: Neo4j Graph Data Science
4 March 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Master Data Management
1 March 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftDatomicNeo4jRethinkDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Air Force Looks to Modernize and Migrate Legacy Systems – MeriTalk
21 December 2020, MeriTalk

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

Software AG hits its Q2 mark as customers respond to accelerated change. We speak with CEO Sanjay Brahmawar
22 July 2020, Diginomica

AAFMAA Selects Software AG Adabas and Natural System for Self-Service Insurance and Financial Solutions
17 February 2016, Business Wire

COBOL Is Taking Heat, but These Other Legacy Languages Could Burn You
1 October 2020, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

Cloud Data Warehouse Performance Testing – Gigaom
9 February 2021, Gigaom

8 databases supporting in-database machine learning
17 February 2021, InfoWorld

Diyotta Launches Datom AI Enterprise Cloud Data Pipeline Tool
5 March 2021, Solutions Review

AWS unveils three analytics capabilities to improve Amazon Redshift performance - Help Net Security
3 December 2020, Help Net Security

Immuta Announces Record Annual Growth and Rising Market Share in DataOps Technology Market
3 March 2021, StreetInsider.com

provided by Google News

Brazil's Nubank Acquires US Software Firm Cognitect
30 July 2020, Nearshore Americas

Nubank buys firm behind Clojure programming language
28 July 2020, Finextra

Latin American banking giant Nubank snaps up US software company
24 July 2020, AltFi

Fintech Powerhouse Nubank Buys U.S. Software Firm Cognitect
23 July 2020, BloombergQuint

Datomic, a New Database System, Launches with Early Experience Program
6 March 2012, PR Web

provided by Google News

Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

Global GPU Database Market 2025: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt, Jedox, Blazegraph, Blazingdb, Zilliz, Heterodb, H2o.Ai, Fastdata.Io, Fuzzy Logix, Graphistry, Anaconda – NeighborWebSJ
8 March 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Databases Software Market 2021 by Companies: Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley
2 March 2021, NY Market Reports

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph.
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Non-Relational Databases Market Highly Growing By 2027 | IBM, FileMaker, Oracle, Neo4j – The Bisouv Network
3 March 2021, The Bisouv Network

provided by Google News

Open Source Software Market is Expected to Move Up After Covid-19 – Report 2021-2026 | OpenText, ClearCenter, Astaro, Comiit, Epson
4 March 2021, The Courier

Open Source Software Market Share 2021 Competitive Strategies, Growth Prospects by Manufacturers – Intel, Alfresco, Adobe, Oracle, Canonical, Transcend, Redpill Linpro, IBM, Compiere, Epson, OpenText, Cleversafe, ClearCenter, FOSSID, Automattic, Acquia, Continuent, Comiit, RethinkDB, Red Hat, Astaro, SUSE – NeighborWebSJ
3 March 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Open Source Software Market Growth, Future Prospects And Competitive Analysis 2020 to 2026| Intel, Epson, IBM, Transcend, Oracle, Acquia, OpenText – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
12 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

NoSQL Software Market Demand, Booming Worldwide and Strategic Outlook to 2025 | MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB, CouchDB, MarkLogic
11 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Review: RethinkDB rethinks real-time Web apps
23 September 2015, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator - ITS4
State of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN

Snr Cloud Consultant (Mainframe Modernization focus), AWS Professional Services
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Florida

ADABAS Data Base Specialist
DMI, Washington, DC

Mainframe Developer - Natural / ADABAS | Richmond, VA (Will be remote during Covid)
iknowvate technologies, Richmond, VA

Mainframe Support
Avening Management and Technical Services, Quantico, VA

Sales Operations Analyst - Deal Desk
Calm, Remote

Database Engineer - AWS, Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Data Engineer, Amazon Prime Video
Amazon.com Services LLC, North Carolina

Coordinator, CRM
New York Red Bulls, Harrison, NJ

Technical Product Manager - Amazon Redshift
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Manager, Engineering (Product Graph/ Data Team)
Narrativ, New York State

Senior Full Stack Frontend Engineer, Data
Narrativ, New York State

Engineering Leader - Head of Development
Nomi Health, Austin, TX

Sr. Product Manager
Parkside, San Francisco, CA

Accounts Receivable Specialist
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Jr. Data Scientist
Grand Casino, Saint Paul, MN

Department
Aunalytics, Link, WV

Database Administrator
Halo Health, Remote

DevOps Developer
SEKAI Digital Twins, Remote

Full Stack Ruby Engineer
Showcase IDX, Georgia

Full Stack Data Scientist
Clara Foods, South San Francisco, CA

Senior Level System Development Engineer
HiveIO, Remote

Sr. Java Software Engineer
Zscaler, Allston, MA

Java Software Engineer (Java 11, Spring, Spring Boot, Hibernate ORM)
Zscaler, Burlington, MA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here