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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Grakn

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. Grakn

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.49
Rank#76  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score22.42
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#117  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comgrakn.ai
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comdev.grakn.ai/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectGrakn Labs
Initial release1971201220122016
Current release0.9.5951, July 20192.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesNaturalAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturaluser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functionsno
TriggersnonoBy using transaction functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftDatomicGrakn
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Today’s Biomedical Research Requires New Technologies
12 March 2021

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

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How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon RedshiftDatomicGrakn
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Grakn Orbit 2021
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