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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon DocumentDB vs. Lovefield vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon DocumentDB vs. Lovefield vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptA relational database management system that stores data in columnsScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.78
Rank#81  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1.80
Rank#132  Overall
#23  Document stores
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlaws.amazon.com/­documentdbgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGGoogleMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release19712019201420042007
Current release2.1.12, February 2017Jul2021-SP2, July 20214.4.6, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaScriptCJava, Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaynoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
proprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesNaturalGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
JavaScriptC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnonoyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneSharding via remote tablesyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnonenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-document operationsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users and rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon DocumentDBLovefieldMonetDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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