DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.38
Rank#48  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score1.47
Rank#126  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­UserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OraclePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19712015198919942016
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201718.1 (Core), June 20183.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Safety First! Common Safety Pitfalls in Distributed Databases Found by Jepsen Tests
18 September 2019

How TSQ Becomes a Performance Bottleneck for TiKV in AWS ARM Environment
26 August 2019

Lesson Learned from Queries over 1.3 Trillion Rows of Data Within Milliseconds of Response Time at Zhihu.com
21 August 2019

Porting TiDB to ARM64 for Greater Flexibility
16 August 2019

Migrating the TiKV Rust Client from Futures 0.1 to 0.3
8 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DBTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

Software AG: Q3 Due On October 22 - Wait For A Further Pullback
15 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €36.00 Price Target by Goldman Sachs Group Analysts
19 October 2019, Mitchell Messenger

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

JPMorgan Chase & Co. Reiterates €26.00 Price Target for Software (ETR:SOW)
13 October 2019, Riverton Roll

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €26.00 Price Target at JPMorgan Chase & Co.
5 October 2019, Riverton Roll

provided by Google News

Amazon migrates more than 100 consumer services from Oracle to AWS databases
15 October 2019, TechCrunch

Amazon ditches Oracle in favour of its own cloud service
17 October 2019, The New Economy

Do Oracle's Claims About AWS Pass Scrutiny?
23 September 2019, Forbes

Amazon's consumer business fully sheds Oracle, moves on AWS
17 October 2019, Herald Publicist

AWS selected by Old Mutual as preferred cloud provider
18 October 2019, ClickLancashire

provided by Google News

Microsoft Expands IoT And Edge Computing Portfolio With Windows And SQL Server
16 October 2019, Forbes

Like Visual Studio Code and your data lives in SQL Server? Microsoft has something for you
18 October 2019, The Register

SQL Server takes a turn towards Kubernetes and big data
30 September 2019, TechRepublic

Accelerating Database Recovery with SQL Server 2019
14 October 2019, Database Journal

SQL Server high availability and disaster recovery for AWS, Azure and GCP: A guide
3 October 2019, Cloud Tech

provided by Google News

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
5 July 2015, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

provided by Google News

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

Percona Unveils Stellar Keynote Schedule for Eighth Annual Percona Live Open Source Database Conference
9 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

China’s Biggest Startups Ditch Oracle and IBM for Home-Made Tech
24 June 2019, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Adabas Natural Programmer Analyst
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

Cobol or Natural/Adabas Programmer
RYAN Consulting Group, Inc., Indianapolis, IN

Junior Quality Assurance Engineer
Software AG, Denver, CO

DBA/Engineer (Data Management Team)
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Database Engineer – AWS Database Services – Migration as a Service
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Cloud Support Engineer I - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Business Development Representative
VividCortex, Arlington, VA

Database Administrator
Halo Communications Inc, Columbus, OH

DATABASE T-SQL DEVELOPER
The Ultimate Software Group, Inc., Fort Lauderdale, FL

SQL Database Performance Engineer (SQL Server Experience only)
HealthHelp, Houston, TX

Database Administrator
Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, Vermont

Database Administrator
Metro IT Resources, Puerto Rico

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Full-Stack Java Server Side Developer/Single Page Application User Interface (SPA UI) Developer
Alaka`ina Foundation Family of Companies, Remote

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here