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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. searchxml

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. searchxml

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonsearchxml  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMSDBMS for structured and unstructured content wrapped with an application server
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSNative XML DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.78
Rank#74  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score8.76
Rank#45  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score30.73
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#327  Overall
#7  Native XML DBMS
#18  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroraazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.searchxml.net/­category/­products
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.searchxml.net/­support/­handouts
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonMicrosoftMicrosoftinformationpartners gmbh
Initial release19712015201419892015
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20191.0
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedLinux
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
WebDAV
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infomost other programming languages supported via APIs
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoon the application server
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes infosychronisation to multiple collections
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDmultiple readers, single writer
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardDomain, group and role-based access control at the document level and for application services

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL Serversearchxml
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