DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Microsofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.38
Rank#48  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#112  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroracloud.google.com/­spannerwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­UserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonGoogleMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release19712015201719891994
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201718.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DB
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

Border Force autopsy reveals cause of IT outage at Aussie airports
14 October 2019, iTnews

Software AG: Q3 Due On October 22 - Wait For A Further Pullback
15 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software (ETR:SOW) PT Set at €34.00 by Baader Bank
15 October 2019, NCTY News

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

Lack of software expertise stymies IoT app development - Tracking The Internet of Things
17 September 2019, IoTAustralia

provided by Google News

SAP Teched Postmortem: SAP HANA Cloud’s potential impact on S/4HANA
14 October 2019, ZDNet

Do Oracle's Claims About AWS Pass Scrutiny?
23 September 2019, Forbes

Yugabyte Advances Distributed SQL Leadership with Release of Yugabyte DB 2.0
17 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

Digital Success at Scale: A Model for Modernization to AWS Cloud
8 October 2019, Network World

Yugabyte DB 2.0 Ships Production-Ready Distributed SQL Database for Going Cloud Native
8 October 2019, Integration Developers

provided by Google News

SAP Teched Postmortem: SAP HANA Cloud’s potential impact on S/4HANA
14 October 2019, ZDNet

Google will soon open a cloud region in Poland
27 September 2019, TechCrunch

Google Cloud launches in Poland as European data centre expansion continues
30 September 2019, Cloud Tech

How The Cloud Transformed Our Systems—And My Career
19 September 2019, Forbes

Google to Open Cloud Region in Seoul Early Next Year
26 September 2019, BusinessKorea

provided by Google News

Accelerating Database Recovery with SQL Server 2019
14 October 2019, Database Journal

SQL Server takes a turn towards Kubernetes and big data
30 September 2019, TechRepublic

A navigation guide for Windows/SQL Server 2008 EOS
15 October 2019, CIO

Why SQL Server 2008's End of Life Should Be on Feds' Minds
18 September 2019, FedTech Magazine

SQL Transactional Processing Price-Performance Testing
14 October 2019, Gigaom

provided by Google News

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
5 July 2015, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

Oracle's First Dozen Cloud Blockchain Applications Are Now Live
12 February 2019, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Senior Software Developer/Analyst
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Software Developer
Marlabs, United States

Adabas Natural Programmer Analyst
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Head of BD, Relational Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

DBA/Engineer (Data Management Team)
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Cloud Support Engineer I - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Software Engineer
Club Automation, Chicago, IL

Software Engineer
Club Automation, Bannockburn, IL

Cloud Database Migration Engineer, Google Professional Services
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Cloud Database Migration Engineer, Google Professional Services
Google, Chicago, IL

Cloud Database Migration Engineer, Google Professional Services
Google, San Francisco, CA

Google Data Engineer
Accenture, Jersey City, NJ

Google Data Engineer
Accenture, El Segundo, CA

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

Senior SQL Server Database Engineer
Deloitte, Chicago, IL

Senior SQL Server Database Engineer
Deloitte, New York, NY

Senior SQL Server Database Engineer
Deloitte, Dallas, TX

Database Developer
Degreed, Remote

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Full-Stack Java Server Side Developer/Single Page Application User Interface (SPA UI) Developer
Alaka`ina Foundation Family of Companies, Remote

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here