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DBMS > Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. NuoDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. NuoDB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.76
Rank#76  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#227  Overall
#109  Relational DBMS
Score8.79
Rank#46  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#160  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Score2.56
Rank#111  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#53  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.nuodb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedoc.nuodb.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release19712016201620131998
Current release08.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyesyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQLJava, SQLyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding, horizontal partitioningdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseNuoDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseNuoDBVirtuoso
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