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DBMS > Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#238  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Score25.85
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release19712016201220162014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++Scala
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyesuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQLno
Triggersnoyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesno

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQL
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