DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#304  Overall
#40  Document stores
Score2.77
Rank#91  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#45  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.torodb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffSAP infoformerly Sybase8KdataOpenLink Software
Initial release19712014199220161998
Current release17, July 20158.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicensecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDBVirtuoso
Recent citations in the news

Software (ETR:SOW) Hits New 1-Year High at $34.73
18 February 2020, Enterprise Echo

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

When your parents select a spouse for you: The exciting Mini-Biography of Dr. Tom Adaba, First DG, NBC (1)
22 February 2020, Daily Sun

Software AG: Surprisingly Strong Q3 Results - Easing Pressure On Q4
23 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software AG: 2020 Guidance Caught The Market By Surprise, Stock Down -14%
31 January 2020, Seeking Alpha

provided by Google News

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

Introduction to Apache Spark: Big Data Analytics Simplified
4 September 2018, Business 2 Community

provided by Google News

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

SAP SQL Anywhere
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

Rimini Street looks beyond Oracle and SAP
8 June 2017, ARNnet

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Adabas Natural Programmer Analyst
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

ADABAS Database Administrator
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Adabas Database Administrator
West Advanced Technologies (WATI), West Sacramento, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here