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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score506.94
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#304  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase8Kdata
Initial release197120141989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL19922016
Current release12.2, February 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptCJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScript.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDB
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