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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. OrientDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. OrientDB vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.28
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
#110  Relational DBMS
Score4.52
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#299  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgorientdb.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud8Kdata
Initial release1971201420102016
Current release3.0.30, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.SQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScript.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoJava, Javascript
TriggersnoyesHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLOrientDBToroDB
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