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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryMicrosofts relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1093.75
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#304  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffMicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase8Kdata
Initial release19712014198919922016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDB
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