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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score2.13
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#304  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffGoogleSAP infoformerly Sybase8Kdata
Initial release19712014201719922016
Current release17, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicensecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScriptGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalnonoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLGoogle Cloud SpannerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDB
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