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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. GRAKN.AI vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#229  Overall
#32  Document stores
#106  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#248  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score1346.39
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orggrakn.aiwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffGrakn Labs LtdOracle
Initial release1971201420161980
Current release1.6.1, December 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.noyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScriptAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnonoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLGRAKN.AIOracle
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLGRAKN.AIOracle
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

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