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DBMS > Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Firebird vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Firebird vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#208  Overall
#31  Document stores
#100  Relational DBMS
Score21.82
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score5.75
Rank#57  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#304  Overall
#40  Document stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherewww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffFirebird FoundationSAP infoformerly Sybase8Kdata
Initial release197120142000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19922016
Current release3.0.5, 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC and C++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yesyes
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalnoPSQLyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatornonenone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLFirebirdSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereToroDB
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